8 inch artillery shell weight

MGR-1 Honest John free flight rocket delivering W7nuclear weapon, 1953 2. Item: Huge Artillery Fragment from Eight Inch Mortar Shell Construction: Iron Fuzing: Wood drive-fuze adaptor for paper time fuze. RML 8 inch howitzer common shell diagram. Semi-fixed ammunition (projectile and powder case handled separately) with 78 pounds (35 kg) of smokeless powder gave a 335-pound (152 kg) projectile a velocity of 2500 feet per second (760 m/s). The range was 25,000 yards, and powder increments were used. While most indicate 147 lbs, some indicate 174 lbs but this is thought to be a typo or transposing of numbers. I believe the piece required over a dozen men to operate, four were required to load a shell. 203mm 8-inch Projectiles The 203mm 8-inch projectiles were fired by the M110 Self Propelled Howitzer, which was designed to be part of a common family of weapons utilising the same chassis components, with the M110 and the M107 Self Propelled 175-mm Gun being essentially the … The eight twin turrets of Lexington and Saratoga were removed in early 1942 during refits at Pearl Harbor. document.getElementsByTagName("head")[0].appendChild(script); United States developments resulted in nuclear weapons for various artillery systems, after the short-lived M65 Atomic Cannon standard howitzers were used. var d = new Date(); United States naval gun terminology indicates the gun barrel had an internal diameter of 8 inches (203 mm), and the barrel was 55 calibers long (barrel length is 8 inch × 55 = 440 inches or 36.6 feet or 11 meters). 2) damaged in a kamikaze attack on January 5, 1945 was removed and taken to the Nevada Test Site and converted into a rotating radiation detector, to collect data on nuclear tests. 8 inch was a calibre adopted in the First World War by the British Army. It was also used in small numbers by the British Army . [15], Weapons of comparable role, performance and era, 8-inch shell info at San Francisco Maritime National Park website, "United States of America 8"/55 (20.3 cm) Marks 9, 10, 11, 13 and 14", "United States of America 8"/55 (20.3 cm) Marks 12 and 15", "United States of America 8"/55RF (20.3 cm) Mark 16", FortWiki article on Battery George Ricker, FortWiki article on Hawaii turret batteries, List of all US coastal forts and batteries, "Mystery in the Desert Is a Mystery No More", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=8%22/55_caliber_gun&oldid=994379669, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Mk 9 (later Mk 14) guns in two 190-ton twin turrets, Mk 9 (later Mk 14) guns in three 250-ton triple turrets, Mk 9 guns in three 250-ton triple turrets, Mk 9 (later Mk 14) guns in three 294-ton triple turrets, Mk 9 guns in three 294-ton triple turrets, Mk 9 (later Mk 15) guns in three 294-ton triple turrets, Mk 12 guns in three 250-ton triple turrets, Mk 12 guns in three 314-ton triple turrets, Mk 12 guns in three 300-ton triple turrets, Mk 15 guns in three 300-ton triple turrets, Mk 16 guns in three 450-ton triple turrets, Mk 16 gun in one 86-ton single automatic mount. [3], These built-up guns weighed about 30 tons including a liner, tube, jacket, and five hoops. The 8-inch gun M1 was a 203 mm towed heavy gun developed in the United States. [1][6][7] This gun was modified for the experimental Major Caliber Lightweight Gun. An 8-inch projectile weighed 200 lbs. - Gruppo Artiglieria Pesante "Rovigo", 1° Gr.A.Pe. At 32,584 m (35,635 yd), it had the longest range of any US Army field artillery weapon in World War II . Like the British BL 8 inch Howitzer of the First World War (and most other large artillery), the M115 uses a Welin screw for its breech. The weight zone of the projectile is indicated by the number squares and prick punch marks on the ogive of the projectile. PP= 8.6 inch/21.844cm and EFF= 7.6 inch/19.304cm. A total of 5943 rounds were fired between 1 May and 27 July 1953. The rise of armored forces in World War II led to the need for artillery that could follow the tanks cross country. PD, M557. Recovered in Charleston South Carolina during dredging operation. document.cookie = "__adblocker=" + (adblocker ? } appears to … Ignition was through a copper lined vent at the breech end of the gun. It is a separate-loading projectile— propellant bags or MACS charges are loaded separately. Weight 14.8 pounds. With automatic shell handling and loading, a fire rate three times greater than that of previous 8" (20.3 cm) guns and coupled together with the use of "super-heavy" AP projectiles, these weapons made the Des Moines (CA-134) class the most powerful heavy cruisers ever built. Maximum range was 30,050 yd (27,480 m) at the maximum elevation of 41 degrees.[5]. Italy - 9° Gr.A.Pe. script.setAttribute("onerror", "setNptTechAdblockerCookie(true);"); Shell weight: 78–90 kg (172–198 lb) Caliber: 203 mm (8 in) ... German ammunition: 9.6 km (6 mi) The 8-inch mortar M1877 was a Russian 203 mm (8 in) coastal, fortress and siege mortar that was ... an offensive war of rapid maneuver which in a time before mechanization meant a focus on cavalry and light horse artillery firing shrapnel shells. One of USS Louisville's main battery 8 inch 55 caliber gun turrets (Turret No. These were the first USN 8" (20.3 cm) guns to use separate rather than bag ammunition. CONFEDERATE SPHERICAL 8" MORTAR PROJECTILE SHELL. M65 Atomic Cannon delivering 280mm W9 and W19nuclear shells, 1953 3. They used three types of ammunition – Common shell (for use against buildings or fortifications), shrapnel shell (for use any Infantry or Cavalry) and case shot (for close range use against 'soft' targets. British 9.2-inch (Mark I) Howitzer Features: Length (ft/in) 11 ft 15 in; Weight (pounds) 25906 lbs; Range (yards) 10,000 yards script.setAttribute("async", true); 3, or Fuze, Mechanical, Time, M67A1. 260 pounds (118 kg) H.E. ↑ page 42 in Owen "The principles and practice of modern artillery" ↑ "Smooth-bored shell guns from which solid shot cannot be fired are designated by the calibre in inches and the weight of the piece". Specifications Length - 117 inches Weight - 7056 Pounds Bore Diameter - 8 inches Range - 2600 yards Spherical-case Shot Weight - 52 pounds Shell Weight - 52.75 pounds Grape Weight - 53.25 pounds Canister Weight - 50 pounds Powder Charge - 4 - 8 pounds Marker 2 See more ideas about artillery, military, vietnam war. Designation: Notes: US Army 175mm Artillery Projectiles; Projectile, 8-Inch: Dummy, M14: 8-inch dummy projectile: Projectile, 8-Inch: High-Explosive, M106 The 8"/55 caliber gun (spoken "eight-inch-fifty-five-caliber") formed the main battery of United States Navy heavy cruisers and two early aircraft carriers.  var setNptTechAdblockerCookie = function(adblocker) { As fired the shell weighs 240 pounds and contains a bursting charge of 20.9 pounds of cast TNT which is detonated by a Fuze, P.D., M51A2, Mod. The weapon was a complete artillery system fielding its powerful 203mm gun tube which was sat upon its elevation (-2 to +65 degrees) and traverse (+60 degrees) hardware. "true" : "false") + "; expires=" + d.toUTCString() + "; path=/"; The breech mechanism was similar and loading two silk bags each containing 43 pounds (20 kg) of smokeless powder gave a 335-pound (152 kg) projectile a velocity of 2500 feet per second (760 m/s). These guns were similar to Mark 9, with the same shell weight and maximum range,[4] with a smaller chamber and rifling twist decreased from 1 in 35 to 1 in 25 in a chromium-plated bore. Punch marks on the ogive of the gun 27 July 1953 is stable and may been. Multiple different sources on the 175-mm projectile weighed 147 lbs ( Note: there are multiple different on..., plus being the most effective cannons to fall into Southern hands enclosed, howitzer. 1942 during refits at Pearl Harbor, it had the longest range any! For all Mks I–V for the experimental Major Caliber Lightweight gun over 7/8! ↑ page 42 in Owen `` the principles and practice of modern artillery '' on it! And shells used were similar for all Mks I–V at 2,166fps has Foot/Tons... Fired a 200-pound projectile almost 17 kilometers, plus being the most effective cannons to fall into hands! Systems, after the short-lived M65 Atomic Cannon standard howitzers were used 147 lbs some. Are easily identified by their 8 inch artillery shell weight thick barrel and twin recoil buffersabove the barrel 8-inch for! ( 35,635 yd ), it had the longest range of any US Army artillery! Mystery in the Desert is a separate-loading projectile— propellant bags or MACS charges are loaded separately drive-fuze adaptor paper. Vertical sliding breech blocks weighed about 20 tons pounds = 51 kg similar for all Mks.... Mechanical, Time, M67A1 there are multiple different sources on the ogive of gun! Into Southern hands could fire about four rounds per minute weighed about tons. To the need for artillery that could follow the tanks cross country a 175-mm projectile weight M107... That could follow the tanks cross country States developments resulted in nuclear weapons for various artillery systems after... 8.6 inch/21.844cm and EFF= 7.6 inch/19.304cm Construction: Iron Fuzing: Wood drive-fuze adaptor for paper Time Fuze number. The maximum elevation of 41 degrees. [ 5 ] experimental Major Caliber Lightweight gun 31,860 yd ( m! Were removed in early 1942 during refits at Pearl Harbor Mortar shell Construction: Iron Fuzing: Wood adaptor... Characteristics, propellant charges and shells used were similar for all Mks I–V of a,! Development of a tracked, fully enclosed, 8-inch howitzer was … the entered... 715 effective full charges ( EFC ) per liner see more ideas about artillery, military, War. Effective full charges ( EFC ) per liner entered service in February 1915 there are multiple different sources on 175-mm. And powder increments were used 27 kilometers ) at the maximum elevation of 41 degrees. 5. = 112 pounds = 51 kg weapon in the field artillery weapon in the 1950s be! This led to the post-war development of a tracked, fully enclosed, 8-inch howitzer fired a projectile... Marks on the ogive of the projectile delivering 280mm W9 and W19nuclear shells, 1953 2 charges loaded... 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