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The difference between the two averages remains just about constant as the rounds move downrange to the 500-yard mark where the averages for the WM and WSM are 58.2lb/f.s and 22.3lb/f.s respectively. We are in the party that all of this points of comparison play a role in stopping power. This results in a flatter trajectory, more resistance to wind drift, and more retained energy at longer range. The averages show the .300 Win Mag has around half an inch less of altitude loss at the 300 yard mark but when you look at all of the individual rounds, their distribution make all of them seem like the same cartridge type. The ten rounds we have graphed for this article are listed below. Factory loads tend to err on the side of caution when it comes to loading the casings with powder. While we saw slight increases in the averages for SD and bullet momentum for the .300 WM, the .300 WSM were not far off at all and there are rounds that provide high performance in both categories. Both rounds produce a significant amount of recoil energy and you might see that difference shrink even more if the .300 WSM rounds were to be simulated through a slightly lighter rifle. All bullets, once fired, carry kinetic energy that is generated by the force of the gunpowder being ignited and the weight of the bullet which is basic physics you learned in school. Of course, bullet design (including sectional density) and expansion also influence a rounds ability to penetrate. Understanding this allows you to take the necessary steps when calculating shot placement. We have also a 1,000 yard mark for further comparison. Let’s take a look at our ten rounds and see how they compare. The .300 Winchester Short Magnum (WSM) was developed by Winchester and introduced to the public in 2001 and was preceded by a huge buzz in the hunting and shooting world. As far as being able to get deep penetration, both of these cartridges are well suited for the job, based on the data presented here. We can look back at some of the other ballistic characteristics we have already examined. That is to say, .300 Weatherby Magnum bullets travel 3.7 times the speed of a 737 airplane at cruising speed, while .300 WSM Winchester Short Magnum bullets travel 3.5 times that same speed. And again, you might look at the numbers on the graph and realize you have seen other trajectory data with much flatter trajectories but remember we are only looking at factory loads. The .300 WM has a bullet drop of 9.9 inches while the .300 WSM has an average bullet drop of 11.06″. Velocity, when paired with the correct barrel twist can make the bullet more stable. The difference between the two averages remains just about constant as the rounds move downrange to the 500-yard mark where the averages for the WM and WSM are 58.2lb/f.s and 22.3lb/f.s respectively. In this case, with both of them having the same diameter, it’s just a case of which has more heavier bullets. If you want to target practice, both cartridges are fairly expensive per round, with the .300 Winchester Magnum being the most pricey (.300 Blackout costs range between $0.75-$2.09, whereas the .300 Winchester Magnum will cost between $0.92-$5.49). 300 Ultra Mag vs 300 Win Mag. These bullets need a proper amount of speed to get the correct terminal ballistics. The velocity and BC both affect the trajectory of the bullet as does gravity and wind resistance. And while their names are similar, we are going to dive deeper into their performance specs in this comparison. We will also try to tie everything back together at the end of the article to discuss which applications each of these cartridge types might be best suited. Please note, the following information reflects the estimated average ballistics for each caliber and does not pertain to a particular manufacturer, bullet weight, or jacketing type. Looking at the recoil of the .300 Win Mag vs .300 WSM is important for understanding certain situations that you might favor one over the other. All of these categories including the categories outside of ballistics all go hand in hand and influence each other. Both hunters and target shooters use these two cartridges for long range shots. THE BEST GUN DEALS AND HANDPICKED GEAR RECOMMENDATIONS, Subscribe to our Newsletter and we send you the best deals right into your inbox. .300 Win Mag Federal Vital-Shok Trophy Bonded 180gr, 300 Win Mag Federal MatchKing BTHP Gold Medal 190gr, .300 Win Mag Nosler Trophy Grade AccuBond Long Range 190gr, .300 Win Mag Barnes Precision Match OTM 220gr, .300 Win Mag Hornady Superformance SST 180gr, .300 WSM Winchester Expedition Big Game 180gr, .300 WSM Federal Vital-Shok Trophy Bonded Tip 165gr, .300 WSM Hornady ELD-X Precision Hunter 200gr, .300 WSM Barnes VOR-TX TTSX Boat Tail 165gr, Nosler Trophy Grade AccuBond Long Range 190gr, Black Hills Match Boat Tail Hollow Point 190gr, Federal Vital-Shok Trophy Bonded Tip 165gr, Hornady American Whitetail Interlock 165gr, Nosler Trophy Grade Long Range ABLR 190gr. There is a definite difference between the .300 Win Mag and .300 WSM with all of the .300 Win Mag rounds generating over 26ft.lbs of energy with several in the 29-32ft.lb range. We offer cheap ammo and bulk ammo deals on the most popular ammo calibers. Most bullets designed for hunting expand on impact to create a more damaging wound and give optimal transfer of force to the surrounding tissue. Some people like a little extra velocity out of the muzzle, especially long-range shooters, and there are .300 WM and .300 WSM rounds that give you that. There is no doubt, that accuracy is incredibly important. All of the selected rounds are factory loads and that are widely available. And as we mentioned earlier, the rifle being used might give different results than what you are using. If your particular rifle can handle them, then it’s not an issue at all. If we take a look (Graph 4) it’s difficult to tell if there are even two separate lines. is a classic “standard-length” cartridge based on the belted 375 H&H Magnum case. Perhaps more important is how well the ammo cycles through your weapon, which it is the case that some ammo seems to work better with certain rifles than others. The .300 BLK is suitable for hunting deer, but for larger game like bear or elk you’ll want the extra power of the .300 Win Mag. We looked at the ballistic coefficients for all of these rounds and saw that the .300 Win Mag had a slight increase in their average BCs over the .300 WSM. With two decades of chasing all manner of upland game, hooved mammals, strutting gobblers, and any small game that can fit in his Dutch oven, he hopes to offer new ideas and viewpoints on hunting and firearm concepts and traditions. If you’re never going to be taking shots out past 200 yards, the differences in the ballistic coefficients we are about to look at are negligible, but if you’re planning on getting any range on your shots, this should be an interesting section to you. This sub-category is going to cater more towards those looking for a hunting cartridge, but if you’re going to buy a rifle chambered for one of these cartridges, then there is no harm in understanding as much as you can about each. In theory, short magnums, which have a wider powder column, burn more uniformly and cleanly which should provide more accuracy, though the significance of this can be argued and is not the subject of debate in this particular article. While this energy does translate to felt recoil, it is actually quantifiable. The .300 Win Mag rounds have an average of 80.0lb/f.s while the .300 Win Mag has an average of 77.12lb/f.s. And one final issue that we want to bring up is the barrel length. The majority of the data is available from the manufacturer, and where that was not available, we relied on ballistic calculators from trusted sources. It’s still relative though, and might not make much of a difference to a lot of you reading this. The 300 Win Mag uses.308 bullets, and the 7mm Rem Mag uses.284” bullets. For those who might be interested in utilizing one or both of these cartridges for more extreme ranges, we wanted to present that information here. We also do not see the rounds for each cartridge grouping together. One of the first noticeable differences that we see is that the BCs for both cartridges drop quite significantly when compared to the smaller sample set. I’ll be primarily writing this article in mind of new hunters looking at rifles chambered in each of these cartridges, […] Once a bullet falls to a certain velocity, a lot of outside factors can greatly decrease the accuracy. Generally, for factory loads, they are going to hover around these numbers, but if you need a high BC, there are probably rounds of both cartridges available out there and most definitely so when it comes to hand loads. The .300 Win Mag rounds have an average of 80.0lb/f.s while the .300 Win Mag has an average of 77.12lb/f.s. If there is no issue with the rifle, there are several 190+ grain weight WSM cartridges out there that give higher BC’s than the 185grain and lighter rounds. We also want to note that all of the data here is computer generated. At these ranges, all ten rounds still carry more than 3,000ft.lb of kinetic energy, and all of them maintain this energy fairly well as they move to 200 yards where they all still have well over 2,500ft.lb of energy. Still less than two inches. can, and does, take a 165-grain bullet and push it more than 550 fps faster than the .300 Savage—a short-action cartridge old enough to be going through a mid-life crisis when the Winchester .30-caliber magnum was born. These characteristics are also advantageous to hunting large game where shots greater than 300 yards are common. One way to think about this is as such: a foot-pound is a unit of energy equal to the amount of energy required to raise a weight of one pound a distance of one foot. And given that we are dealing with two cartridges that are known for their incredible knockdown power, this is an important section if your choice is coming down to these two cartridges. Velocity. Both also have round options with very high ballistic coefficients which is always beneficial when you start dealing with higher wind speeds and 500+ yard shots. The physics just doesn’t allow them to stay as flat while still being manageable in other categories. Deeper penetration is not always an indicator of a better cartridge. Before getting into the specifics, if we just look at the graph, several points of discussion come up. Unlike my 308 vs 30-06 article, this one is NOT splitting hairs. Is this difference significant in the relation of cartridge to cartridge comparison? We can’t quantify this in our .300 Win Mag vs .300 WSM comparison. For hunters, these rounds remain well above supersonic speeds at the distances you will be taking shots from, as you can see from the velocity data above. 30-06 vs 308 vs 300 Win Mag Ammo The 2001 release of the .300 Winchester Short Magnum (WSM) saw the first serious threat to the hallowed .300 Winchester Magnum since its release in 1963. As you will see, with the increased sample size, we still see the trends we see when looking at the ten specific rounds that we will compare and discuss, which should give you some peace of mind that the graphs and discussions that come from them are an accurate representation of how these two cartridges compare and contrast. Our website lists special deals on 9mm Ammo, 10mm Ammo, 45-70 Ammo, 6.5 Creedmoor ammo, 300 Blackout Ammo, 10mm Ammo, 5.56 Ammo, Underwood Ammo, Buffalo Bore Ammo and more special deals on bulk ammo. All of the rounds also show less than 110 inches of bullet drop at 100 yards which is pretty impressive for factory loads, with the majority of them designed for hunting purposes. It’s nothing we can look at with these ten rounds under our criteria, but it’s something we thought you would like to take into consideration and research a little more on your own. While we will look at each separate from the others, they should all be taken into account when determining which cartridge would be more advantageous in a certain situation. That just happens to be the case when looking at the .300 Win Mag vs .300 WSM. This round offers a decent ballistic coefficient though not as high as some of the others, but it is also one of the least expensive .300 WM we have examined. is a do-it-all. To put this into perspective, a Boeing 737 commercial airliner travels at a cruising speed of 600 mph, or 880 fps. The difference in how low the bullet sits in the casing is negligible and results in the .300 Win Mag being able to hold a greater amount of powder though the case capacity does not represent how much powder is loaded into each cartridge. The higher the ballistic coefficient, the less prone to wind resistance and drag the bullet is. It is used for both big game hunting as well as benchrest target shooting. When we look at the trajectory, we still did not see a lot of difference between these two cartridges. Looking only at the averages, the .300 WM hold around a 50-100ft.lb advantage over the .300 WSM from the muzzle out to 500 yards. December 18, 2018 By Allan Jones Last month I talked about something that almost never happens: a patented cartridge design that excelled as a commercial product. 7mm mag vs 300 Short mag by: PB I have owned a Remington 7mm mag rifle(s) and used it almost exclusively for hunting deer, elk and moose since 1968. 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