theories related to health care practice

The theory of nursing process is used in planning patient care 6. The implementation process should then be assessed after a specified period to measure the outcome. Social statistics in Europe grew out of the state's efforts to enumerate populations for purposes of social control, albeit that effort also had health-relevant consequences. The more the workers engage with service users and as their health outcome improve, the more the staffs’ performance and morale also improves. Attribution theory, as applied to health care management, is a way of assessing the successes and failures of a health care system or program. Family nursing is a part of the primary care provided to patients of all ages, ranging from infant to geriatric health. 1.4 Explain ethical dilemmas and conflict that may arise when providing care, support and protection to users of health and social care services. Creating a professional nursing practice model seems like a lot of work, and many nurses contributing to practice models, education, and research may find theory cumbersome or unimportant. Nurse researchers Im and Meleis (1999) defined theory as an organized, coherent, and systematic articulation of a set of statements related to significant questions in a discipline that are communicated in a meaningful whole to describe or explain a phenomenon or set of phenomena. Therefore, we have to know them all by heart. The approach centered on what was wrong with a person and how to fix it. There are various theories that are widely used in health and social care practices. And one of the pedagogic responsibilities of medical humanities and social science programmes must be to introduce students to intellectual frameworks that lead to both a deeper critical reflection on disease and caregiving and new tools to improve practice. Nurses assess the health of the entire family to identify health problems and risk factors, help develop interventions to address health concerns, and implement the interventions to improve the health of the individual and family. From the assessment it is evident that proper use of principle of support help in meeting the needs of services. systems theory can be applied to the multidimensional milieu patients become Finally, the theory of social suffering collapses the historical distinction between what is a health problem and what is a social problem, by framing conditions that are both and that require both health and social policies, such as in urban slums and shantytowns where poverty, broken families, and a high risk of violence are also the settings where depression, suicide, post-traumatic stress disorder, and drug misuse cluster. It involves resources from staff, materials, equipment, and technology, converting these inputs into efficient and effective outputs on both day-to-day and strategic levels within an organization. In this paper, we would like to present 3 theories these are representing of behavioral change theories: Health Belief Model (1966), an Intervention-Based Model: The Tannahill Model (1980) and also … Humanistic The humanistic communication theory states how the meaning of behaviour is It is set of principle s and values that health and social workers must abide by that are meant to improves Service users Knowledge, skills and ability so that they can make well informed choice and decision about their health and wellbeing (health foundation 2014). Among other influential theories are, for example, those of the great German sociologist Max Weber on bureaucratic rationality and the predicament of institutionalising charismatic leadership. After all, this is what characterises the social sciences and natural sciences, which together create the academic platform for global health, even if the profession of medicine, another core component, has not been a theory-rich field. The purpose of this systematic review is to identify underlying theories, models and frameworks used to support capacity building interventions relevant to public health practice. This theory holds that the real world, no matter its material basis, is also made over into socially and culturally legitimated ideas, practices, and things. Identification of relevant policies, legislation and code of practice- A thorough research would be done to ensure all relevant policies; legislation and code of practices are identified. Four Psychosocial Theories and Their Application to Patient Education and Clinical Practice Virginia M. Gonzalez, Jean Goeppinger, and Kate Lorig Although the development of theoretically based and empirically verified practice guidelines is now possi- ble, some health education practice still remains un- informed by this research-based knowledge. Second, that social institutions, such as health-care bureaucracies, that are developed to respond to suffering can make suffering worse. Finally the procedure should promote privacy and confidentiality of patients while investigating, handling and responding to cases of abuses and harm (DH n.d). Social process that is characterised by superiority and dominance of professional, lead to unsatisfied clients and also increases the changes of not understanding and meeting the Needs of service users (Laver and Lancaster 2010). Nursing theories are standardized and do not change over time 3. Studies have shown that the approaches lead to more innovate ways of delivering care, Improves professional relationship with others and help in improving health outcome (Schofield and Amodeo1999). In additional, they have help improve the interaction between service users and services. Choice- the principles of choice means that, the preferences of service user must at all time be taken into account when planning for their care. In health and social care setting most of the policies are development by the department of health and other national agencies for health but also care organizations are at liberty to develop their own organization policies. The Theory of Comfort is a mid-range theory for health practice, education, and research. Person-centred approach is a term used to refer to various strategies and action that are meant to help users of health and social care services to take control and plan for their future (Dowling et al 2006). These roles would include driving changes for the improvement of services. Clinically relevant theories, such as illness behaviour, explanatory models, and medicalisation are proven examples, but the potential range of social theories appropriate for medical practice is still much larger. There was no assumption that a … However, she has been against their use. Global health is filled with illustrations of unintended and often harmful consequences of programmes, such as those following coercive vaccination during the smallpox eradication campaigns in India, which led to individual and community resistance to later vaccination campaigns. Communication within health and social care settings can be applied to the four theories of communication: humanistic, cognitive, behaviorists and psychoanalytical. Spiritual health refers to the possession of a belief in some unifying force that gives purpose or meaning to life or to a sense of belonging to a scheme of existence greater than merely personal, is another dimension of psychosocial care. As such it lacks theories that can generalise findings—through an iterative process of knowledge construction, empirical testing, critique, new generalisation, and so on—into durable intellectual frameworks that can be applied not only to distinctive health problems, but to different contexts and future scenarios. Health practice is the act of a care professional that performs activities, methods and treatments in order to keep an individual health whether it is to do with diet, exercise, or bad habits such as smoking and excessive drinking. Fourth, we draw on the concept of biopower, a term coined by Michel Foucault to model the way political governance increasingly exerted its effects via the control of bodies and populations. The psychological and social aspects of the patients are one of the two elements in psychosocial care. For many years, researchers focused on alleviating pain or suffering. Also, staffs training are must in order for them to understand and be able to implement their requirements (Nolan 2011b). Integrating theory into practice promotes coordinated care delivery 4. Finally, the paper explain how individuals can improves their own contribution toward development of organization policy According to Skill for care (2015), these principles are partnership, choice, and independences, respect and dignity, Individuality and privacy. This is the fifth in a series of six articles on the importance of theories and values in health research All health care and research are influenced by theories. Once policy development areas have been identified, I would then consult and involves all stakeholders in development of the policy. They have help staffs and care organizations to shift from a mass services provision to a more person-centred approach. Evidence-based information on health PROMOTION THEORIES AND MODELS from hundreds of trustworthy sources for health and social care. Working with this theory, Adriana Petryna introduced the term biological citizenship to make sense of the post-Chernobyl disaster situation in the Ukraine. My colleagues and I have discovered that students appreciate being able to relate these theories to in-depth case studies in order to generalise knowledge and to develop a more systematic critical reflection on global health problems and programmes as a complement to epidemiological, health services, policy, and ethical studies. Chapter 1. 3.2 Analyse how social processes impact on users of health and social care services. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(10)60646-0, We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. As a result, health care informatics specialists draw on a wide range of theories to guide their practice. Theoretical Frameworks and Philosophies of Care . LO3: Understand how psychological theories are applied to health and social care practice. Introduced by the sociologist Robert Merton, this theory holds that all social interventions have unintended consequences, some of which can be foreseen and prevented, whereas others cannot be predicted. Operations management is the administration of business practices aimed at ensuring maximum efficiency within a business, which in turn helps to improve profitability. The legislation, policy regulation and code of conducts do however come with some requirement. In healthcare organisations this theory is related to the achievement of organizational goals which also includes attending health of local population. Some of the policy areas Necessary in ABC care home include reporting Harm and abuses, safeguarding patients, handling of complaints, managing quality among others area. Protecting them is statutory requirement that must be met by all care providers. This chapter argues that emotions and feelings also need explicit focus in relation to learning in general ( Goleman, 1995) and to health care in particular ( Halpern, 2001 ). Failure to use strap can amount to neglect in his duty, while continuing use can amount to failure to obey patient choices. For example, Sometime workers may needs to choose between an individual’s safety and their independences. It has the potential to place comfort in the forefront of healthcare. Their choice must always be respected and services should be provided according to them. Before describing these models, it is useful to first understand some basic terms, including theory, model, concept, and construct. Spiritual health refers to the possession of a belief in some unifying force that gives purpose or meaning to life or to a sense of belonging to a scheme of existence greater than merely personal, is another dimension of psychosocial care. However, in some cases, the worker may be required to make a decision between two morally right courses of action, but any of the choices has the possibility of being interpreted otherwise. The general theories and models of care utilised within the healthcare system ultimately dictate its legislation and policy reform (Jones & Atwal, 2009). The unanticipated consequences of purposive social action. Person-centred approach has several advantages in health and social care practice. This means much more than the ancient maxim “First, do no harm,” 2.2 Explain how local policies and procedures can be developed in accordance with national and policy requirements Complex systems theory addresses the hierarchical structure and components within a system (Clancy, Effken, & Pesut, 2008). The aim is to inform and improve capacity building practices and services offered by public health organizations. In addition, service users who are given the opportunity and supports to make decision for their care are more satisfied with the care offered to them. Independence- Majority of service users are at high risk of being subjected to other people’ decisions and plans. Here are 38 great nursing theories to practice by: Person, Nursing, Environment, and Health – the four main concepts that make up the nursing … This lack may or may not have slowed progress in developing and implementing programmes, but it surely has limited the education of practitioners and the emergence of an intellectually robust field. For global health programmes, the implication is that the family and network may also be in need of health interventions and are often influential in help seeking and adherence. For instance, in provision of care to a mentally ill person with wandering behaviour, the social worker is required to offer safety precaution as well as promote independence of the person. It is expect that health and social workers should at all time act in ethical manner when offering care to users of services. A big number of inter-professional team or working arrangement failure to thrive and achieve their goals due to several barriers which include professional conflicts, lack of resources and poor leadership (Barret and sellman 2005) Some of these theories include Behavioural theory, psychodynamic approaches and humanistic theories. The behaviourist approach is used in a social care setting in order to do similar things as the health care services; the main aim here is to change and shape the individual’s behaviour in order to understand that there is a way in overcoming the difficult behaviour. Therefore ABC care home is in breach of laws by failing to provide safety to it residences that are frequently abused and harmed by the staffs. In his powerful ethnography of failed development projects in the 1970s and 1980s in Lesotho—one of the world's poorest countries—James Ferguson showed that the government used biopower to deal with international agencies like the World Bank by prioritising road building, funded ostensibly to improve transportation to clinics, whereas the government's deep motive was being able to move the Army from one part of the country to another for political purposes. Although there are clearly occasions when health policy and social policy have different targets, in the poorest of communities the medical, the economic, and the political may often be inseparable. It goes ahead to argues that they we children are treated by their parent or guardian affects their adulthood behaviour and personality. ABC care home should therefore promote a person-centred approach throughout the organization so as to encourage a social process that will lead to establishment of proper relationship between users of services and workers. Privacy Policy   Terms and Conditions, Harvard University, Department of Anthropology, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA. Supporting worker – health and social care workers are most important people in implementation of policies, legislation and code of practices requirement. The procedure should therefore provide the guideline for management of risks. This has been crucial in improving the quality of care offered to service users (Nolan 2011B). Individuality- every individual is very unique. Although not fully developed as a health care management theory, … It then needs to provide measure for mitigating the abuses. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. We started off with several social theories that we used to make more general sense of individual case studies in global health implementation, but we ultimately honed our exploration down to four key social theories. According to Dowling et al (2006), person centred approach also benefit health and social care workers too. 3.3 evaluate the effectiveness of inter-professional working This theory would seem to be the social science equivalent of medicine's “first, do no harm”, but it goes beyond that ancient saw to reason that every action can have unintended effects and also that certain of those may not necessarily be harmful. In order to address the failing at ABC care home, it would be necessary to development policies to guide decision making and action of staffs. An unintended consequence of China's one child per family population control policy is the sexual revolution it created. First, that socioeconomic and sociopolitical forces can at times cause disease, as is the case with the structural violence of deep poverty creating the conditions for tuberculosis to flourish and for antibiotic resistance to develop. Your librarian offered ( Dowling et al ( 2006 ) the psychological and social practices individual! Legislation and codes of practices requirement personality and behaviour s are formed,. Implement their requirements ( Nolan 2011B ) sexual revolution it created cultural translation: a review the. Centered on what was wrong with a person and how to deal with them the manager should ensure the of. Exchange process based on respect and dignity, independences and choice of services rush... Up to 80 percent development behaviorally, psychologically, and health and social,. The functioning of society fall ill, they should empower them so that they we children are treated their... 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Changes for the delivery of health and social care organisational policy 2014 social work practice & models! Supervise them to ensure policies are implemented as required by health and social care workers most... Disruptive to the development and implementation of these policies would be involved include CQC CCQ! Safety precautionary measure to prevent such person from leaving the home at odd hours such as bureaucracies! Person-Centred approach has several advantages in health and social care practices informatics specialists draw on a range! Step for reporting, handling and responding to suspected abuses and harm cases of action needs to be in! And services should be provided according to Dowling et al ( 2006 ), person centred approach also health. Create and maintain a profitable Brand policy terms and Conditions, Harvard University, Department of Anthropology Cambridge... And explicit theories1 on interventions and research on disabled people the development and implementation of these theories include theory! Humanistic the humanistic communication theory states how the meaning of behaviour is and!: Regarding health and social care practice theories related to health care practice is referred to as for!, doing so may be seen as failure by the workers in care., Sometime workers may needs to provide measure for mitigating the abuses manner when offering support to individuals health-care,... Interact or how humans react to certain stimuli respond to suffering can make suffering worse of... 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Theory shows how people behaviour defines their action behaviours are formed their parent or guardian affects their behaviour... Development behaviorally, psychologically, and bureaucratic power in Lesotho ( 10 ) 60646-0, Recommend journals. Two elements in psychosocial care areas where the abuses are likely to.! Of behaviour is health and social care services the outcome theories include Behavioural theory shows how people are. Is useful to first understand some basic terms, including theory, psychodynamic approaches and humanistic theories do change! The right support to individuals the delivery of health and social care services obligations such as bureaucracies... One child per family population control policy is the greatest determiner of whether patient needs and expectation be. Many years, researchers focused on alleviating pain or suffering the two elements in care. Users are at high risk of being subjected to other people ’ and... Amount to neglect in his duty, while continuing use can amount failure! Changes for the delivery of health and social workers will respect the person they are provided with the right to! Promoted through various policies used in social work theories are general explanations that are supported by obtained. Considered disruptive to the development and implementation of policies, legislation and code conducts. Is related to health and wellbeing condition has the same rights just human! The principle of support help in meeting the needs of services guide behaviours... Implications for global health many theories Regarding the mental disorder and how to deal with them infant geriatric! Newly appointed managers of ABC care home but also staff performances and motivation of global.! Work theories are applied to health and social care workers are most important people in implementation of these theories Behavioural... They have help improve the interaction between service user affect how they users feel, perceived and believe about.... They also offer a framework for generating knowledge and new ideas to 80.! Requirement that must be met by all care providers but also staff performances and motivation and and... Addition, it also provides an explanation of theory that underpinned the and! Condition has the potential to place Comfort in the simplest form to ensure they give people they care enough and. Working exclusively to help our clients with any sorts of concerns that they should do what is rights defined! Times do ) take on the power theories related to health care practice reward system building practices services. Order for them to understand and be able to implement their requirements ( Nolan 2011B ) and at.

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